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Guru Ram Das

BhaiJetha was installed as Guru Ram Das. The occasion is vividly described by Guru Amar Das’s grandson, Sunder, who was witness to the scene and it is described in AdiGranth. Sunder records the Guru’s last words and actions; how he had become the successor of Nanak’s mantle and how he had received the call of the creator and welcomed it. Addressing those as his family he explained the call of God sent for his family and admonished all not to mourn his passing, instead to recite kirtan and have katha (discourse); announced his successor – Ram Das.

 

Guru Ram Das was forty when called upon to assume his elevated role. Much of his ealrlier life had, however been spent in the service of the guru and the faith he had adopted. He had been active in the Karseva (Voluntary service) when the baoli (well) was being built and had undertaken other assignments for the guru as directed.

 

In 1547, he was assigned the task of developing a settlement which he named Guru kaChak. To the east there was a pond which he had enlarged. The work continued after his succession. The township was later renamed by his son Arjan, as Ramdaspur and the pool as Amritsar-the pool of nectar. The city is known by that name, Amritsar. In due course, the centre of his activities shifted from Goindval to the new township which, being on the main highway from Delhi to Lahore, became an important trading center. That a new settlement was founded by the Sikhs and a tank excavated indicates that they now had access to greater resources.

 

Of his three sons, he chose the youngest, Arjan, as his successor.