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Guru Teg Bahadur

Guru TegBahadur assumed the responsibilities of his ministry in earnest, giving spiritual guidance to his followers and administering the affair of the community. He travelled extensively in the Punjab and neighboring areas.  While at Kahlur (now Bilaspur) he purchased some land from the Raja and founded a new township in 1666 which he named ChakNanki , after his mother. He shifted there with his family from kiratpur where he had earlier moved from Bakala. It was renamed Anandpur in 1688 by the tenth guru.


Aurangzeb’s bigotry was scaling new heights. In 1669, he ordered the closure of non-Muslim schools. Places of worship were demolished and mosques constructed on their sites. His regional governors were directed to make forcible conversions. Aurangzeb was reputedly a pious person in his personal life. However, he had imprisoned his father (who languished in confinement for eight years until he died in 1666), and killed all his brothers to attain the throne. Perhaps as expiation he was trying to please the orthodoxy by taking measures to ensure the spread of Islam.


The policy to enforce conversions was apparently initiated in Kashmir. Iftikhar Khan, the governor, commenced implementation zealously. All  manner of coercion was utilized. A group of pandits, led by kirpa Ram of Mattan, came to chakNanki to seek the Guru’s counsel. The Guru listened intently to their tale of woe and pondered over the problem. While he sat in deep thought, his young son ---- just over  eight years old ---came into the chamber and heard his father say that the problem might be overcome if a truly worthy person were to offer himself as a sacrifice. In childlike simplicity young Gobind wanted to know who could be worthier than his father? The Guru was pleased to hear his son speak thus. Thereupon, he asked his visitors to have it conveyed to the emperor that if TegBahadur was converted, they would all voluntarily accept Islam. The message was duly conveyed whereupon orders for his arrest were issued.


Anticipating a summons from Delhi, he set out from ChakNanki, after nominating his son as successor, on 8 July 1675. En route, he was taken into custody along with some faithful companions and, under orders of the faujdar (military commander) of Sirhind, detained at BassiPathanan. There they were confined for over three months and subjected to the harshest treatment. But none succumbed to torture or blandishments. Then they were moved to Delhi where, in sight of the Guru, two of his followers ---Bhaimati Das and B haiDiala were done to death with extreme cruelty. When this failed to sway him he was asked to perform a miracle to testify to the divine nature of his mission. He refused to even attempt one, maintaining that no one should try to intervene in God’s scheme of things. At this the executioner was ordered to perform his duty. On 11 November 1675, the Guru’s head was severed from his body. At this spot stands Gurdwara Sis Ganj.